video games creating highly trained killers? In some cases,
they seem to be trying
Last night I stole a horse. Not so soon afterward, I found
myself being chased by a group of angry villagers and a couple
of armed guards. “Halt!” demanded the guards. “No, thanks,”
I thought to myself as I clubbed an unsuspecting townsperson
on the head. “You won’t get away with this!” the guards shouted,
as I hurtled my stolen steed towards the city gates. Then,
suddenly, I found myself between a rock and an iron mace.
As I watched the guards hack and slash at my lifeless corpse,
I began to wonder, “Was the horse really worth it?” So I hit
the reset button and loaded a game I had saved before my criminal
Tyrone McMillan of Troy recently found himself in a similar,
albeit real, situation. McMillan led police on a car chase
through two counties. It ended only when his SUV collided
with a Troy PD cruiser. After his arrest, McMillan explained
to the police that he thought he could outrun them because
he had recently been playing a lot of video games, including
Grand Theft Auto.
And this local example is at the lighter end of the spectrum
of the kinds of violence and lawbreaking that videogames have
been blamed for influencing.
Just the other day I watched as a friend of mine fussily picked
out an outfit at a sports store before gleefully butchering
the cashier with a knife and then gunning down a responding
officer and stealing his motor bike. He, of course, was playing
Grand Theft Auto. But Devin Moore, a carjacker from Alabama,
wasn’t playing a video game when he stole a police officer’s
gun, then killed the officer and his partner. Moore is reported
to have later said, “Life is like a video game; everybody
has to die sometime.” The victim’s relatives are now suing
the makers of Grand Theft Auto.
As video games have become more encompassing and more representative
of reality, parents and anti-video-game groups have become
more and more certain these games are capable of corrupting
Video games have become progressively more realistic, at least
visually, and have moved away from the straightforward save-the-world-from-aliens
shoot-’em-ups of the past. Now, they allow players to construct
their characters; interact with complete, autonomous worlds
and make moral choices. Players now get to choose whether
they are going to shoot the bad guy or avoid confrontation;
however, they now also have the choice to shoot the good guy.
Despite the fact that Moore or McMillan could have just as
easily blamed their crimes on a violent crime novel or blockbuster
action movie—and also the fact that both men are adults—incidents
like theirs have energized politicians’ and activists’ efforts
to find a link between video games and violence.
U.S. Sens. Hillary Clinton and Joseph Lieberman have been
pushing as of late for the Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention to launch a study of the “impact of electronic
media use.” Meanwhile, other organizations have been undertaking
research of their own.
The University of California and professor Karen Matthews
recently released a study that claims gaming can lead to increased
risk-taking of any kind, including illegal drug use. In the
study, 100 men aged 18 to 21 were assigned to play one of
two games: The Simpsons: Hit and Run or Grand Theft Auto III.
According to the study, the men who wound up playing the more
violent and realistic game, Grand Theft Auto, experienced
an increase in blood pressure, were more hostile and competitive
and were more likely to smoke marijuana and drink than the
players who played The Simpsons.
The study results were posted as a news item on popular video-game
Web site gamespot.com, and readers of the item responded as
might be expected. “I suggest they just get rid of all forms
of entertainment all together. You know, just to be safe,”
read one post, followed by another that added, “Hell while
we’re at it . . . let’s all have a book burning at 12 pm tomorrow.”
So with all the worry about video games causing violence,
you might think it would be hard to find a pro-gaming government
leader. You would be wrong.
recently learned something quite interesting about video games,”
said President Ronald Reagan back in August 1983. “Many young
people have developed incredible hand, eye, and brain coordination
in playing these games. The air force believes these kids
will be our outstanding pilots should they fly our jets.”
As much of a stretch as Reagan’s quote is, it would be naïve
to think our government hasn’t considered video games as recruitment
and training tools. Never mind those recruiting commercials
laden with flashy graphics and extolling adventure, designed
to make young men equate playing a video game with going to
war. Our military has gone much further than that. In fact,
right now in the game store nearest you, you can pick up one
of the many installments in the America’s Army game series.
Goarmy.com describes the game this way: “The U.S. Army has
developed a highly realistic and innovative PC video game
called America’s Army. You’ll face your first tour of duty
along with fellow Soldiers. Gain experience as a Soldier in
the U.S. Army, without leaving home.”
The hypocrisy of the government’s sponsoring a violent video
game has not been lost on the gaming community, and that is
evidenced by this review from gamespy.com: “America’s Army:
Operations may very well be one of the most ironic games ever.
More than a few American politicians have bolstered their
careers by condemning violence in popular entertainment, particularly
in video games. Now the U.S. government, by way of the Army,
has produced a computer game that’s all about realistic, deadly
combat. While this odd turn of events raises interesting ethical
and political issues, many gamers probably just want to know
one thing about this online shooter: Is it any good?”
So what is the difference between Grand Theft Auto and America’s
Army? Grand Theft Auto, despite its realistic graphics and
complex cityscapes, is not trying to mimic reality; on the
contrary, it is offering an escape, whereas America’s Army
is a game that touts its realism and professes to offer gamers
a look into the real life of a trained killer. Grand Theft
Auto has been rated “M,” for mature (17 and over) audiences.
America’s Army is rated “T,” for teens. If you have to think
of it in terms of literature, GTA is a crime adventure novel
for adults, whereas America’s Army is a recruitment pamphlet
for teens. America’s Army is designed to make young men consider
a career in the military.
Violent video games may or may not increase the violent impulses
of their users, but is Grand Theft Auto actually recruiting
carjackers? Are you kidding? The makers of GTA don’t want
gamers to move away from their TV screens, let alone leave